Manifestations of AIDS on the Oral Cavity Mucosa

By Dr. Vishaal Bhat on Wednesday, 12 December, 2007 with 0 comments

Infection by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is associated with several pathological changes of the oral cavity mucosa. An early recognition of these changes represents a significant addition for the general diagnosis of this worldwide disease (AIDS - Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). The group of intra-oral pathological changes, associated with the HIV infection, contains the following diseases:

  • candidous infections (erythematous, pseudo-membranous or hyperplastic candidiasis)

  • hairy leukoplakia of the tongue

  • gingivitis and HIV necrotizing gingivitis

  • HIV periodontitis

  • Kaposi sarcoma with a predominant appearance at the palate and gums

  • Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (at the palate and gingiva)

Besides the above stated clinical picture, a diagnosis of these diseases is also based on immuno-serologic examinations.

Category: Oral Medicine Notes



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