Symptoms of fractures

By Dr. Vishaal Bhat on Friday 30 November 2007 with 0 comments



Characteristic signs of the lower jawbone fractures are the following:

Pain

Appears in the forms of spontaneous, functional or pressure pain. At the moment of an injury, an affected person feels a blunt or sharp pounding pain. Pain is later sensed during movements of jaws, opening, closing and biting. It is mostly located at the wounded area. In cases of non-dislocated fractures, this pain can be initiated by pulling the jaw forward by a finger hooked in it, thus identification a broken site.

Deformation of the face

Deformation of the lower jaw’s shape can be observed at highly dislocated fractures only. An injured place gets swollen or a subcutaneous hematoma appears shortly after an injury.

Occlusal defects

Impairment of chewing is always present at fractures of the alveolar ridge or teeth - containing parts of the jaw. Teeth do not touch each other (do not articulate) and the food mastication function is hampered. Mouth opening and closing is restricted mainly while jaw’s branches and articular processes are broken. Swallowing function is restrained mostly by pain which may make difficult even swallowing of the saliva that ooze from the mouth. In cases of bilateral fracture at the canine teeth areas, the tongue gets stuck and breathing problems appear.

Pathological motion and crepitation of fragments

A pathological motion that can be induced upon a patient’s examination is a doubtless evidence of a bone fracture. During friction of ragged bone fragments onto each other, it is possible to hear and feel their crepitation under examining fingers.

Category: Oro-Maxillo Facial Surgery Notes

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